Embedded Linux implementation on Imote2 Platform Wireless Sensor Networks

Fajar Purnama
16 min readOct 30, 2020

Note

  • This is my English translated paper of the original Indonesian paper published at National Conference on Smart-Green Technology in Electrical and Information Systems (CSGTEIS), Bali, 14–15 November 2013.
  • The copyright has been transferred to the Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University, and based on the agreement, the author is allowed to upload this article to blogs and websites on the to provide the link to the copyright owner’s publication website, namely https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/prosidingcsgteis2013/article/view/7259. This means that all of these writings are not licensed under creative commons but copyrighted © under Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Udayana University where other people must ask for permission from us for reposting.
  • Authors: Fajar Purnama, I Made Oka Widyantara, dan Nyoman Putra Sastra.

Abstract

Previously, wireless sensor network (WSN) Imote2 used the Intel Platform X, SOS, and TinyOS operating systems. Now Platform X and SOS are no longer being developed, so many researchers are using TinyOS. End users of TinyOS on the Imote2 platform encounter many limitations such as implementing complex routing. Therefore the Embedded Linux community develops embedded Linux for the Imote2 platform. This paper discusses in detail the steps to embed Linux on the target, namely the Imote2 platform WSN radio sensorboard device. Host is a Linux operating system. The developer includes 3 main components, namely the bootloader, Linux kernel, and filesystem. Embedding is done by flashing the JTAG interface using the OpenOCD software. After embedding, configuration is done on the target via serial connection. Configuration includes automatically enabling IP address, SSHD, and radio. Finally compared to the target performance using IEEE 802.11 WLAN and IEEE 802.15.4 ZigBee as transmission media. The result is that the use of IEEE 802.11 WLAN is more wasteful of memory and electricity.

Keywords: Wireless Sensor Network, Imote2, Embedded Linux, ZigBee, WLAN, JTAG, OpenOCD.

Introduction

Overall this paper consists of 4 parts. The first part of “Introduction” provides a brief overview of wireless sensor networks (WSN), some of the research that has been done in the field of WSN, and what will be…

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Fajar Purnama

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